MEDICAL CORNER … Patellar dislocation. Take a look and be aware!!
It occurs when the patella (kneecap) slips out of its normal position in the patellofemoral groove, and generally causes intense pain with effusion. Open or arthroscopic surgery may be used to repair damage, but are typically avoided since rates of re-injury, knee function, and patients’ opinions do not differ much from conservative treatment.
The patella generally dislocates laterally, and can be accompanied by acute pain and disability. Immediate reduction can be accomplished by hyperextension of the knee, and by providing a medialward pressure to move the patella back into the patellofemoral groove. Hyperextension of the knee on its own could possibly move the patella into place, because this motion locks the knee in place.
When the knee is locked the ligaments are twisted and…
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